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A Comprehensive Guide on IEEE Referencing

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Schools and departments at Sussexuse different referencing systems. If you are unsure which referencing style you are required to use it is best to speak with your School office or consult your module handbook. Every citation should have a relevant reference later in the text. The citation points the reader in the right direction, but it does not include much information. In the numeric system, citations are just numbers like this or this ¹. For websites, you should note the web URL/address and the date you accessed the site. If the text cited is merely a chapter in a book edited by someone else, you must include the full details of the main volume.

how to cite a website in an essay

In Western naming culture, generally a person’s surname is listed as the last name, for example, John Smith. However, in Asian culture, a how to open an essay with a quote person’s surname is generally listed first, in other words, Smith John. This applies to Chinese, Malay, and Indian naming conventions.

OSCOLA referencing guide Online: Websites & Blogs

However, before deciding on either of the two, it should first be confirmed by what one’s host institution specifies in its referencing guidelines. And whichever method is used in the end should be used consistently throughout the manuscript. Date on which the website or resource was accessed – in square brackets e.g. . Some webpages and websites won’t have any clear bridge examples essay title you can use in your reference. If this is the case, replace the missing element with your own description of what the website is. The citation can appear immediately after the quotation or paraphrase, or at the end of the sentence. If you’re quoting, place the citation outside of the quotation marks but before any other punctuation like a comma or full stop.

how to cite a website in an essay

This gives capitalists an incentive to concentrate on the production of environmentally friendly products in order to make a profit. You should never work directly with other students on your module or anyone else when creating your work. Even if your tutor has encouraged you to talk about your work together with other students, do not assume it is okay to write your work together. Salila did not intend to ‘steal’ other people’s ideas, but she has still committed plagiarism by presenting someone else’s work as her own. She should have been much more careful when taking notes. Whenever note-making, you should write down the source for each note you take, and you should make it clear where you are quoting directly from the text.

Verbs for citations APA style

Whenever you decide to use a citation you’ll need a reporting verb to introduce it to your text. In fields such as science and medicine, there may be a long list of authors. In these cases, it might be acceptable to reference the first author followed by et al., but it’s best to check in advance. When you get to the reference list, https://medsurg.me/2023/02/16/how-to-cite-sources-in-an-essay-how-to-properly/ you would reference the author you read rather than Bradshaw. Schools and departments at Sussex use different referencing styles so you should check which one you need to use. For books, this will include the place of publication and the name of the publishers. You do not need to quote information which is common knowledge e.g.

  1. Later in their paper, the authors mentioned a component that was specific to OGSA-DAI versions 2.5 to 6.
  2. If there is no publication date you can omit it, but always give the access date.
  3. Try using the Turnitin Draft Check site, which will appear in your list of Canvas modules.
  4. This shows the student is not claiming to have come up with the idea themselves.
  5. This is a properly referenced example of the above activity.

Website citation while writing an article, journal entry, dissertation or book has numerous important functions. Firstly, it helps the writer avoid plagiarizing other writers’ intellectual property which were utilized for the completion of the academic writing project. Secondly, it gives the writer a good way of keeping track of all information and sources referenced from websites that were used. Lastly, it also provides the readers details about where to find extra information about the research topic. A citation is a reference to a source of information that was used in the writing of a book, article, thesis or research paper.

Proofreading & Editing

12 April 2023 •4 min readView all posts Visit the UniHomes Blog homepage to see all of our articles. Now, remember how we used ‘et al’ for a citation with over three authors? When it comes to the reference list, you’ll need to list all the authors in order they appear in the source.

  1. And I’m getting, from someone who really struggles to read and write.
  2. Please consult your course handbook for definitive guidance on which style to use.
  3. These may be pre-print versions or post-print versions, also known as author accepted manuscripts .
  4. A references section should only contain those references actually cited in the text.
  5. Without my highly detailed knowledge of the OGSA-DAI project, it would have been impossible to determine what software was used.
  6. It is OK to have someone proofread your work, to check grammar and spelling mistakes, but this cannot be a student on the same module taking the same assessment.

If the post is untitled, use the text of the post instead. If the text is long, you can replace some of it with an ellipsis. Cite This For Me to create quick and easy website citations.

Scribbr APA Citation Checker

You need to include certain details about these sources in your work so that your reader can find the original material easily. It is strongly recommended that you use published sources such as books and journal articles in your assignments instead of materials posted by academics on Blackboard. Always check with the academic who has set the assignment whether you are allowed to include citations for their materials in your work. Website citations are required every time information what is a bridge in an introduction paragraph is referenced from a website for an academic essay, research paper, dissertation, article or book. Regardless of how insignificant or minimal the information is that you sourced from the website, a citation has to be made to avoid plagiarism. As a writer, it is your imperative to appropriately reference your sources, in order to avoid being penalized for unlawfully using some else’s work. Every source of information used while completing an academic writing project have to be cited.

If you’re unsure which one you should be using, ask your instructor for their preference. Oliver Smith is an award-winning copywriter originally from Tohatchi, New Mexico. He has a bachelor’s in literature from the University of New Mexico and an MFA in Creative Writing from the Institute of American Indian Arts. After starting in geography, he embarked upon a career as a photographer, writer, and editor. Oliver loves to contribute in the field of research and writing by helping students learn how to write flawless academic papers. If two different months are being cited in the same reference, for the same source, they are separated by a / in between (e.g., Nov./Dec.), followed by the year of publication. In case a reference entry includes both a DOI or date accessed and a URL, the URL is written first, followed by the DOI and ended with a period.

Harvard Referencing Guide

If no author is named, use the name of the organisation producing the blog. If no person or organisation how to write a bridge in an essay can be identified as being responsible for the blog, begin your footnote with the title of the blog.

how to cite a website in an essay

The student has directly quoted a large section of text. The correct thing to do in this case is put the text in a separate paragraph, and indent the paragraph. Personation includes using software to generate text or help you with your assessments.


Some software may not even have either a source code repository or a version number. In this case, such information as the download location and date become more important. In contrast, some software may be used as a service (e.g. a web service or RESTful end-point) rather than being downloaded and installed on a researcher’s desktop. Finally, the software may not be accessible online but only via an e-mail to its author in which case the access date and contact details of the author become important. Use the reference list at the end of the source you are reading to find details of the reference and search for it using the search boxes below. Traditionally all articles were published in print format in issues which then formed part of a volume and this way of citing them has been retained even though most are now available online. There is no need to include the DOI or web address for articles with volume numbers and page numbers or an article reference number even if you accessed them online.

how to cite a website in an essay

In this free chapter, Alex Osmond dives a bit deeper into the topic and helps you get to grips with the referencing styles you’ll come across most often. Describing the contribution of software to research closely relates to a number of other issues around the role of software in research. All these agencies have a part to play and the Software Sustainability Institute is working with many different individuals and groups to explore and resolve these. See for example, “Publish or be damned? An alternative impact manifesto for research software”. Recommended citations may not have enough information to accurately describe the software that was used – you may need to add more detail yourself.

Frequently asked questions about Harvard website references

In your bachelor´s or master’s theses, as well as other pieces of academic writing, you must ensure to only cite websites with academic content! Not all articles and websites on the web are suitable for academic texts. If a website with more than one author is being referenced, the names are cited in the order they appear on the website, separated by commas.

  1. (Read ourproof-reading guidancefor the rules on proofreading at Sussex).
  2. You may follow the examples on this site, or you may use a slightly different format.
  3. If you share a laptop or computer, it is your responsibility to make sure your work is protected – use a passcode so that others cannot access it.
  4. To reference posts from social media platforms like Facebook, Twitter and Instagram, include the username and the platform in square brackets.
  5. In your bachelor´s or master’s theses, as well as other pieces of academic writing, you must ensure to only cite websites with academic content!
  6. Such numbered citations direct the reader to a complete reference list at the end of the manuscript, where all the referenced sources are mentioned.

Exam misconduct includes any form of cheating in exams, whether you are taking your exams in an examination hall or remotely. Make sure you know what materials you are allowed to take into exams or use when completing your submission remotely. If you are allowed to use texts, this will be made very clear to you.

List your references as you go

Authors will often put versions of their articles into institutional repositories to comply with funding requirements to make the research Open Access. These may be pre-print versions or post-print versions, also known as author accepted manuscripts https://www.hindibhashi.com/how-to-start-an-essay-with-a-quote-w/ . Your School/Department might use a different style, or a different version of Harvard.Always check your course handbook for the exact formatting preferred in your School. If there isn’t a preferred format, choose one and use it throughout.

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